Research on Third Shot Shows High Efficacy Against Infection and Serious Illness

Things we know: the Delta variant of COVID has broken through the vaccine in some cases, the vaccine helps if you get infected, unvaccinated people fuel the spread of the virus, and now, booster shots offer more protection.  Israel released research that compared 149,144 patients who received a third dose of the Pfizer COVID vaccine to 675,630 patients who only had two doses.  The groups were of similar ages, all over the age of 60.  Why study this?  Because Israel is showing more breakthrough infections in people having only two doses, and people over the age of 60 are particularly vulnerable to this virus.  Read here for more about what we know and a breakdown of the study:
Highly Vaccinated Israel Is Seeing A Dramatic Surge In New Cases : Goats and Soda : NPR

Myths About Osteoporosis

The internet can be a fantastic source of instant, valuable information, but it can also spread a lot of misinformation that can be detrimental to your health.  Here is a quick 5 minute read about 10 myths surrounding osteoporosis.  What is osteoporosis?  It is a condition where your bones weaken and become susceptible to fractures.  It is sometimes called a “silent disease” because so many people don’t know they have it until a bone breaks.  As this article points out, your bones are alive and it’s never too late to make them stronger.  Read on for your bone health and educated those you love:

Top Myths About Osteoporosis— Better Bones

Smoke from Regional Wildfires, Including Oregon, Linked to Increased Covid Risk/Death in Harvard Study

Researchers were looking for a connection between wildfire smoke in the air and COVID sickness/death in three states: Oregon, California, and Washington.  Those three states were chosen because they suffered the most from wildfire air pollution last year in our country.  We already know this air pollution is connected to other health problems, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), so they were specifically looking to see if COVID cases increase in the areas that lived with this smoke.  They gathered data about the particulates in the air during the 2020 fire season and looked at subsequent cases/deaths.  They found the wildfires amplified the effect of smoke on COVID cases for up to four weeks after the exposure.  This is directly applicable to all of us in Southern Oregon who live with wildfire smoke in the summer.  Read the article in the Harvard Gazette here:

Wildfire smoke linked to increase in COVID-19 cases and deaths – Harvard Gazette

Association between levels of Vitamin D and Covid Severity Becoming Stronger

A study recently came out in August that looked at 1,176 hospitalized patients in Israel with Covid.  It found that those with severe or critical cases of Covid were more likely to have very low levels of Vitamin D than those with mild or moderate disease.  Among those who were hospitalized and not Vitamin D deficient, only 3% died.  Among those who were hospitalized with a deficiency, 26% died.  Here is an article that examines the study with more detail.  Paragon Orthopedics Center encourages you to talk to your healthcare professional about whether you should be taking Vitamin D and how much you should be taking.  It might be what keeps you out of the hospital as we navigate life with the Delta variant of Covid that is overtaking our hospitals in Southern Oregon right now.  Please educate yourself and educate others.

1 in 4 COVID patients hospitalized while vitamin D deficient die – Israeli study | The Times of Israel

Frustrated About Smoke Interfering With Your Workout?

Unfortunately, Southern Oregon is being hit by smoke that is coming at us from multiple directions from multiple forest fires.  Paragon Orthopedics is always encouraging our patients to get out and get exercise, but maybe your plans have been foiled by this unhealthy air.  Or maybe you don’t know how to check the air quality in your area.  Athletes like you are breathing 10 to 20 times more air than a sedentary person, so you should give some thought as to what’s in the air you’re breathing.  Here is an article that will tell you how to find information about air quality in your area and the levels that are not healthy, the differences between what might be in the air (smoke, smog, and allergens), and addresses the question about whether you should wear a mask while you exercise.  Be safe Southern Oregon!

Recommendations for Exercising in Smoky Conditions and Air Pollution | Stages Cycling – North America

Experiments in Space to Explore Bone Loss Prevention Using Wine Byproduct

SpaceX is set to take off later this month and has technology on board to perform a variety of experiments, one of which explores bone loss in space and is using a byproduct of wine making.  The bioactive metabolites found in food that is broken down, such as what is normally discarded after wine is made, might protect bones during spaceflight and a group of researchers is going to be testing this theory.  With the possibility of private space travel becoming more of a reality for more than just a select few astronauts, this could not only benefit future space visitors, but also help us understand how to maintain strong bones of those who live under the weight of gravity.
Read more here about this experiment, as well as other intriguing research they are preparing for this journey:

Intriguing Science Experiments Launching on SpaceX’s Cargo Resupply Mission to the Space Station (

Which Olympic Athletes Have The Highest Bone Density?

In order for you to take a guess as to which Olympic athletes have the highest bone density, you need to know what makes bone dense.  That answer is: force that is placed on the bone.  It makes sense, knowing this, that gymnasts have the highest bone densities among the Olympic athletes at the games in Tokyo.  Among those with the least dense bones: swimmers, rowers, and cyclists.  When a gymnast dismounts, he or she is putting up to 5 times their weight on their bones.  Five times!  Not all of us can be Olympic athletes, but we can all have strong bones by making sure you put some stress on them through walking, running, or jumping-type exercises.  Paragon Orthopedic Center wants you to be the healthiest you can be with strong bones throughout your lifetime!  Read more here:

Bone density in athletes (

A SLAP Isn’t Something To Laugh About At Paragon

In orthopedic terms, a SLAP is not a friendly pat on the back.  It is an injury frequently seen in patients who have been throwing hard, such as a baseball pitcher, or for prolonged periods, which could be from overuse or over time with age.  The diagnosis is a SLAP lesion, standing for Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior.  The name indicates its anatomic location going front to back.  The Paragon Orthopedic Center website has a three-dimensional video that helps understand the diagnosis and surgery that is required, step by step.  There can be some serious long-term consequences for not getting this injury repaired in a timely manner, such as shoulder instability, decreased range of motion, and chronic pain.  Click here to learn more and view the video:

If You Drink Hot Beverages, You Might Be Putting Yourself at Risk for Esophageal Cancer

Some like it hot.  A study of over 50, 000 people who drank about 3 cups of hot tea a day at temperatures 140 degrees or greater showed a 90% greater chance of having esophageal cancers.  This study was focused on tea drinkers, and further studies have not been done on coffee, but it might be a reason to let that coffee, or any other hot drink, cool down a bit before you consume it.  It is noted in other medical research that drinking hot tea on its own does not cause the cancer, but if you have other risk factors, such as smoking or drinking alcohol, they raise your chances for esophageal cancer.  Here is an article that tells you the symptoms of esophageal cancer, how it is diagnosed, and how it is treated.  More details can be found here, including a link to the study of those 50,000 tea drinkers, and a link to the other medical research of those risk factors with hot tea consumption: